AIDS and tuberculosis control programmes: An integrated approach at educational level

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In developing countries with a high prevalence of individuals co-infected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB), urgent public health measures should be implemented to prevent the spread of both diseases. This study was performed by a combined acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-TB health team with the following aims: 1) to assess knowledge, attitudes and practice towards AIDS; 2) to identify target groups for health education (HE); 3) to evaluate HE impact; 4) to circulate correct information on AIDS and TB through target groups; and 5) to evaluate integration of AIDS and control TB activities. Secondary school students of Arua District, Uganda, participated in a standardized HE session (covering the key-points of AIDS and TB control) preceded by a pretest (multiple choice) questionnaire and followed 3 months later by the same questionnaire (post-test). The impact of HE on AIDS control was evaluated by comparing answers to pre- and post-test questionnaires and its influence on the TB programme by evaluating case-finding performances in the period preceding and following the survey. We analysed 1478 questionnaires. The results of our study gave information on knowledge about AIDS, identified females and students <16 yrs of age as good targets for HE, revealed that the impact of HE was significantly associated with improved knowledge, contributed to improved TB case-finding and offered suggestions for the integration of programmes. The survey represented an opportunity to create a stable AIDS/TB health team at district level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-107
Number of pages6
JournalMonaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Cardiac Series
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1996


  • Acquired immune deficiency syndrome control
  • Attitude and practice study
  • Health education
  • Tuberculosis control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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