Air contamination measurements for the evaluation of internal dose to workers in nuclear medicine departments

B. De Massimi, D. Bianchini, A. Sarnelli, V. D'Errico, F. Marcocci, E. Mezzenga, D. Mostacci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Radionuclides handled in nuclear medicine departments are often characterized by high volatility and short half-life. It is generally difficult to monitor directly the intake of these short-lived radionuclides in hospital staff: this makes measuring air contamination of utmost interest. The aim of the present work is to provide a method for the evaluation of internal doses to workers in nuclear medicine, by means of an air activity sampling detector, to ensure that the limits prescribed by the relevant legislation are respected. A continuous air sampling system measures isotope concentration with a Nal(TI) detector. Energy efficiency of the system was assessed with GEANT4 and with known activities of 18F. Air is sampled in a number of areas of the nuclear medicine department of the IRST-IRCCS hospital (Meldola- Italy). To evaluate committed doses to hospital staff involved (doctors, technicians, nurses) different exposure situations (rooms, times, radionuclides etc) were considered. After estimating the intake, the committed effective dose has been evaluated, for the different radionuclides, using the dose coefficients mandated by the Italian legislation. Error propagation for the estimated intake and personal dose has been evaluated, starting from measurement statistics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-201
Number of pages4
JournalRadiation Physics and Chemistry
Volume140
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017

Keywords

  • Air contamination monitoring
  • Airborne radioactivity
  • Internal doses
  • Nuclear medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation

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