Akt-dependent T198 phosphorylation of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27kip1 in breast cancer

Maria Letizia Motti, Carmela De Marco, Daniela Califano, Alfredo Fusco, Giuseppe Viglietto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The localization of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27 kip1 is dependent on the phosphorylation of one of three key amino acid residues: S10, T157 and T198. However, it was unclear whether endogenous p27kip1 is phosphorylated at T198 in the living cell. In the present work we describe the generation and characterization of a polyclonal antibody able to recognize recombinant, transfected as well as endogenous T198-phosphorylated p27kip1. Using this antibody, we demonstrate that: (1) endogenous p27kip1 is phosphorylated at T198 in 4 breast cancer cells lines (MCF7, MDA-MB231, MDA- MB436 and MDA-MB468); (2) T198 phosphorylation is increased in breast cancer cells compared with normal mammary epithelial cells (HMEC); (3) T198-phosphorylated p27kip1 is exclusively cytoplasmic; (4) T198 phosphorylation is dependent on the activity of the PI3K-PKB/Akt pathway, being it drastically reduced by the pharmacological PI3K inhibitor LY294002 or stimulated by the constitutive activation of PKB/Akt. Finally, in primary human breast carcinomas, cytoplasmic accumulation of T198-phosphorylated p27kip1 parallels Akt activation. We conclude that in breast cancer cells p27kip1 is phosphorylated at T198 in a PI3K/Akt dependent manner and that this phosphorylation may contribute to p27kip1 cytoplasmic mislocalization observed in breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1074-1080
Number of pages7
JournalCell Cycle
Volume3
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2004

Keywords

  • Akt
  • p27
  • T198 phosphorylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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