Alcohol and Endometrial Cancer Risk: Findings From an Italian Case-Control Study

Simona Moroni, Fabio Parazzini, Carlo La Vecchia, Barbara Davanzo, Liliane Chatenoud, Elena Ricci

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Using data from a case-control study conducted in Northern Italy, we analyzed the relation between alcohol drinking and risk of endometrial cancer. Cases were 726 patients, 75 years of age, admitted to the Ospedale Maggiore (including the 4 largest teaching and general hospitals in the Greater Milan area), the University Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics, and the National Cancer Institute of Milan with histologically confirmed endometrial cancer. Controls were 2,123 nonhysterectomized patients, 75 years of age, admitted for acute nongynecological non-hor-mone-related nonneoplastic conditions to the same network of hospitals where cases had been identified. When total consumption of all alcoholic beverages was considered, 68.2% of cases and 63.9% of controls were drinkers and 12% of cases and 9.3% of controls reported >2 drinks/day. Considering total alcohol drinking, the relative risk for alcohol drinkers vs. nondrinkers was 1.3 (95% confidence interval 1.1-1.5), and the RR estimates for subsequent levels of intake were 1.1, 1.4, and 1.6 for women drinking1 2 and 2 drinks/day (%2ltrend 11.33, p 0.001). The estimates were similar when wine only (which represents the large majority of all alcohol intake in Italy) was considered, whereas data were less informative for beer and spirits intake only. No relation emerged between duration of alcohol consumption and risk of endometrial cancer. These findings suggest a potential link between alcohol drinking and endometrial cancer risk and are, in any case, inconsistent with a protective role of alcohol in endometrial carcinogenesis. However, several inconsistencies in the epidemiological and biologic evidence leave open the question of causality of this association.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-62
Number of pages8
JournalNutrition and Cancer
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science


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