Aldol-type compounds from water-soluble indole-3,4-diones: Synthesis, kinetics, and antiviral properties

Angela Scala, Massimiliano Cordaro, Antonino Mazzaglia, Francesco Risitano, Assunta Venuti, Maria Teresa Sciortino, Giovanni Grassi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A straightforward transformation of indole-3,4-diones is reported. The reaction feasibility is evidenced by kinetic studies on a model substrate, revealing a double phase process with a first faster pseudo-first-order step (i.e., deprotonation of the dione and self-nucleophilic attack of the anion) and a subsequent slower dehydration of the intermediate. The overall process is faster at pH higher than the pK value of the investigated substrate. The biological relevance of new compounds has been assessed in vitro against herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1), showing a more promising biological profile with respect to their precursors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)479-488
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Diversity
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013


  • Aldol condensation
  • Antiviral activity
  • Indoledione
  • Kinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Information Systems
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry

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