Aldosterone regulation in primary aldosteronism: differences between adenoma and bilateral hyperplasia

F. Mantero, M. Gion, D. Armanini, G. Opocher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The diurnal patterns of plasma aldosterone, plasma renin activity (PRA), cortisol and adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) in the supine and in the upright position have been studied in 14 patients with primary aldosteronism, 5 with adenoma and 9 with bilateral hyperplasia. Blood samples were drawn at intervals from 6 hr to 30 min. Supine patients with an adenoma showed marked diurnal variations of aldosterone, with maximal values at 08.00 hr and minimal values at 18.00 hr and secretory spurts beginning after 02.00 hr. Plasma cortisol paralleled aldosterone, and ACTH seemed to anticipate aldosterone and cortisol variations; PRA remained unchanged. In patients with hyperplasia, aldosterone was significantly lower than in the adenoma group at 08.00 hr, and its decline during the day was less marked; fluctuations rather than secretory episodes were seen. After patients assumed the upright posture, aldosterone remained unchanged or decreased in patients with adenoma, whereas it significantly increased in hyperplasia; PRA remained low, although a slight increment was seen in the latter group. The different response of aldosterone in the 2 groups was not modified by the administration of propranolol, apparently excluding a renin dependent mechanism. On the other hand, dexamethasone seemed to affect the response of aldosterone to the upright posture in both groups; in adenoma there was a slight but significant increase, and in hyperplasia the usual rise was partially suppressed. It is concluded that ACTH has a predominant role in regulating aldosterone secretion in primary aldosteronism due to adenoma, whereas its action in bilateral hyperplasia is only permissive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-332
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Science and Molecular Medicine
Volume51
Issue numberSup. 3
Publication statusPublished - 1976

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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