Lung adenocarcinomas are characterized by a variety of genetic and epigenetic changes that lead to activation of specific signaling pathways. This allowed the classification of lung adenocarcinomas according to genetic alterations and the clinical development of novel anticancer agents that affect the activity of specific oncoproteins. In such a context, chromosomal rearrangements that cause constitutive activation of ALK gene define a category of lung adenocarcinomas that is amenable to targeted therapy with ALK inhibitors. Thus, a major issue of current research is to define the morphological and immunophenotypic features of lung ALK-rearranged adenocarcinomas to improve the selection of tumors suitable for molecular genotyping. ALK status was determined, by immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization, in 94 surgically resected lung adenocarcinomas and correlated with histomorphological parameters. Indeed, ALK rearrangement was observed in 10/94 (11%) lung adenocarcinomas and enriched in tumors with a predominant mucinous (46%; p < 0.05) and solid (29%; p < 0.05) pattern. By contrast, it was lacking or sporadically observed in lung adenocarcinomas with predominant acinar, papillary or lepidic pattern. Moreover, the presence of signet-ring cells was predominantly observed in ALK-rearranged tumors (47%; p < 0.05). These data suggest that ALK rearrangement is associated with specific and distinct clinical–pathological characters compared to other genotypes. Thus, the knowledge of these characteristics can improve the diagnostic accuracy and lead to a better understanding of the behavior of ALK-rearranged NSCLC.
- ALK rearrangement
- FISH analysis
- Histomorphological parameters
- Non-small cell lung adenocarcinomas
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research