Alkaline comet assay results on fresh and one-year frozen whole blood in small volume without cryo-protection in a group of people with different health status

Mirta Milić, Ivan Ožvald, Ivana Vinković Vrček, Marijana Vučić Lovrenčić, Višnja Oreščanin, Stefano Bonassi, Emilio Rojas Del Castillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Using alkaline comet assay, DNA damage tail length (TL) and tail intensity (TI) parameters were compared between fresh whole blood and 1-year frozen small volume whole blood in EDTA at -80 °C without cryo-preservation. The studied group consisted of 25 volunteers with different health conditions who served as their own controls for frozen blood results. Without the purification step after thawing, the results and the usefulness of this protocol for future/retrospective (including re-analysations of putative outliers) studies were analysed. Medical surveillance and blood sampling were done at Merkur University Hospital Zagreb. No significant differences between fresh and frozen blood samples in terms of the mean TL values (mean ± SD: 29.03 ± 12.26 vs. 25.36 ± 6.97, respectively) and the mean TI values (9.19 ± 10.37 vs. 10.17 ± 8.55, respectively), and highly damaged cell percentage were determined among 25 volunteers. Median TI frozen samples values of entire group were within the allowed 10–11% (8.24). At the individual levels, no correlation between fresh and frozen whole blood samples was observed in 11 volunteers who suffered from diabetes mellitus type 2. Strong correlation between fresh/frozen samples was seen for TL (r = 0.64, p < 0.015) and TI (r = 0.71, p < 0.005) in nondiabetic subgroup. Overall, the results demonstrated the usefulness of the 1-year frozen blood without induction of heavily damaged DNA. Due to the different DNA damage behaviour connected with different health conditions, future studies should involve more volunteers, oxidative DNA damage comet assay measurements, the inclusion of a washing step after thawing and inclusion of disease/antioxidant biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-10
Number of pages8
JournalMutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
Volume843
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Cryo-protection
  • DNA damage
  • Freezing
  • Human biomonitoring
  • Whole blood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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