Allele frequency distributions at several variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) and short tandem repeat (STR) loci in a restricted Caucasian population from South Italy and their evaluation for paternity and forensic use

Lucio Pastore, Emilia Vuttariello, Claudia Sarrantonio, Iolanda Coto, Silvana Roviello, Giuliana Fortunato, Francesco Salvatore, Lucia Sacchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Allele frequencies at six VNTR loci, 11 STR loci, and at the HLA-DQA1 locus were evaluated in a well-defined population from Campania (South Italy). The allele frequencies of three VNTR loci, 11 STR loci, and the HLA-DQA1 locus were compared with data obtained from a general Caucasian reference population in the USA. The aim of this study was to determine the power of each single locus and group of loci for forensic and paternity testing purposes. Significant differences between the allele frequencies of the two populations were found in two VNTR loci, four STR loci and in the HLA-DQA1 locus. The two populations were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for the STR loci, but as expected, not for some VNTR loci. It was also found that: (i) the discriminatory power of two STR systems (nine and 11 loci, respectively) is similar in the two populations analysed; and (ii) that the allele frequencies for the STR systems of a large reference population can always be applied to subjects of a small subpopulation. In conclusion, for forensic purposes and for paternity testing, most of the 11 STR loci examined can be analysed using allele frequencies from a general Caucasian reference population without typing subpopulations, whereas the VNTR loci must be subtyped.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-308
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular and Cellular Probes
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1996

Keywords

  • Allele frequencies
  • South Italy population
  • STR
  • Subpopulations
  • VNTR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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