Allergen immunotherapy for IgE-mediated food allergy: There is a measure in everything to a proper proportion of therapy

Giovanni Battista Pajno, Riccardo Castagnoli, Antonella Muraro, Montserrat Alvaro-Lozano, Cezmi A Akdis, Műbeccel Akdis, Stefania Arasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

IgE-mediated food allergy (FA) is a potentially life-threatening condition with a negative impact on quality of life and an increasing prevalence in westernized countries in the recent two decades. A strict avoidance of the triggering food(s) represents the current standard approach. However, an elimination diet may be difficult and frustrating, in particular for common foods, (eg, milk, egg, and peanut). Food allergy immunotherapy (FA-AIT) may provide an active treatment that enables to increase the amount of food that the patient can intake without reaction during treatment (ie, desensitization), and reduces the risk of potential life-threatening allergic reaction in the event of accidental ingestion. However, several gaps need still to be filled. A memorable Latin orator stated: "Est modus in rebus" (Horace, Sermones I, 1, 106-07). This sentence remembers that there is a measure in everything to a proper proportion of therapy. The common sense of measure should find application in each stage of treatment. A personalized approaching should consider the specific willing and features of each patient. Efforts are devoted to improve the efficacy, the safety but also the quality of life of patients suffering from FA. In the near future, it will be important to clarify immunologic pathways of FA-AIT, and to identify reliable biomarkers in order to recognize the most suitable candidates to FA-AIT and algorithms for treatments tailored on well-characterized subpopulations of patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPediatric Allergy and Immunology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Feb 15 2019

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