Allergic respiratory diseases and environmental pollution: Experience in the printing/paper-manufacturing industry

G. Papa, D. Quaratino, M. Di Fonso, F. Giuffreda, A. Romano, A. Venuti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Several studies have shown a correlation between airborne pollutants and respiratory disorders. To determine whether professional exposure to industrial pollution might represent a risk factor for allergic respiratory diseases, we administered allergologic tests to 275 workers employed in a paper-making/printing factory and to a control population composed of 160 office workers from the same urban area. All subjects were evaluated on the basis of personal and family histories, the results of prick tests with common airborne allergens, specific serum IgE levels, pulmonary function test, and standard chest radiography. The percentage of subjects with allergies in the factory-worker group (67/275; 24.4%) was significantly higher than that observed among the office workers (20/160; 12.5%) (chi-square test: 8.17; P <0.01). Of the 67 factory workers with allergies, 94% had histories of daily exposure to aliphatic hydrocarbons. The results of this study indicate that exposure to the latter type of industrial pollutants is associated with a significantly higher prevalence of allergic respiratory diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)833-836
Number of pages4
JournalAllergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume51
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Allergy
  • Environmental pollution
  • Mycophytes
  • Respiratory disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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