Allium vegetable intake and risk of acute myocardial infarction in Italy

Carlotta Galeone, Alessandra Tavani, Claudio Pelucchi, Eva Negri, Carlo La Vecchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Interest in potential benefits of allium vegetables has its origin in antiquity, but the details of these benefits are still open to discussion. Only two epidemiological studies considered the relation between dietary intake of allium vegetables and cardiovascular diseases. Aim of the study: To provide further information we analysed the relationship between onion and garlic intake and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods: We used data from a case-control study of 760 patients with a first episode of non-fatal AMI and 682 controls admitted to the same hospitals. Information was collected by trained interviewers using a validated and reproducible food-frequency questionnaire. Multivariate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were obtained after allowance for recognized confounding factors. Results: Compared with non-users, the ORs of AMI for subsequent categories of onion intake were 0.90 (95% CI: 0.69-1.21) for

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-123
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009


  • Allium vegetables
  • Diet
  • Garlic
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Onion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Allium vegetable intake and risk of acute myocardial infarction in Italy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this