Alloantigen presenting capacity, T cell alloreactivity and NK function of G-CSF-mobilized peripheral blood cells

D. Rondelli, D. Raspadori, C. Anasetti, G. Bandini, F. Re, M. Arpinati, M. Stanzani, A. Morelli, C. Baccini, A. Zaccaria, R. M. Lemoli, S. Tura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study we addressed whether the proportion and the function of antigen presenting cells (APC), T and NK lymphocytes are modified in the apheresis product of six healthy donors who received a stem cell mobilizing treatment with glycosylated G-CSF at 10 μg/kg/day x 5 days s.c. Flow cytometry analysis showed comparable percentages of HLA-DR+, CD19+, CD86+, CD80+ and CD1a+ cells in preG-CSF-peripheral blood mononuclear cells (preG-PBMC) and after mobilization in G-PBMC, whereas the proportion of CD14+ monocytes significantly increased in G-PBMC (3 ± 1% vs 17 ± 8%, P = 0.003). Analysis of lymphocyte subsets in preG-PBMC and G-PBMC showed similar proportions of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and CD28+ T cells, but a significantly lower percentage of CD16+ (11 ± 7% vs 4 ± 1%, P = 0.01), CD56+ (15 ± 6% vs 5 ± 2%, P = 0.008), CD57+ (16 ± 9% vs 5 ± 2%, P = 0.04), CD25+ (19 ± 2% vs 9 ± 6%, p = 0.009) and CD122+ (5 ± 2% vs 2 ± 1%, P = 0.05) cells in G-PBMC. Unfractionated preG-PBMC and G-PBMC were irradiated and tested in primary mixed leukocyte culture (MLC) with two HLA-incompatible responders and induced efficient alloresponses in four of six cases, whereas G-PBMC stimulated poorly in the remaining two cases. Also, in allo-MLC with irradiated G-PBMC we detected lower amounts of IFN-γ (P = 0.04) and of IL-2 (P = 0.06) than in allo-MLC with preG-PBMC. Furthermore, freshly isolated preG-PBMC and G-PBMC from each donor exerted comparable allogeneic responses to HLA-incompatible irradiated mononuclear cells in all cases. However, G-PBMC showed no NK activity against K562 target cells at any effector:target ratio tested. These data suggest that normal G-PBMC may prevent Th1 alloresponses, maintain efficient alloreactivity to HLA mismatched antigens and have impaired NK activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)631-637
Number of pages7
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Volume22
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • APC
  • IFN-γ
  • NK activity
  • Peripheral blood stem cells
  • T cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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