Allogeneic bone marrow transplant or second autograft in patients with acute leukemia who relapse after an autograft

O. Ringdén, M. Labopin, F. Frassoni, G. F. Sanz, F. Demeocq, H. G. Prentice, J. Y. Cahn, T. Barbui, G. Meloni, U. W. Schaefer, J. Reiffers, N. C. Gorin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Among 2752 patients with acute leukemia who had recurrent leukemia after autograft in remission and were reported to the EBMT, 94 underwent an allogeneic bone marrow transplant and 74 received a second autograft. Recipients of HLA-mismatched related or unrelated bone marrow had an increased transplant-related mortality (TRM, P = 0.017) and a decreased leukemia-free survival (LFS, P = 0.03), compared to recipients of HLA matched related or unrelated bone marrow. Outcome in recipients of HLA-compatible related or unrelated bone marrow was compared to those receiving a second autograft. TRM at 2 years was 51 ± 8% in recipients of matched allografts and 26 ± 6% following a 2nd autograft (P <0.05). Two-year LFS was 27 ± 7% and 35 ± 6% in the two groups, respectively (NS). Multivariate analysis in these two groups showed that TRM was increased in patients who were in 2nd or later remission at 1st autograft (P <0.05) and allograft recipients (P <0.05). Relapse was more common in patients with ALL (P <0.001), above 25 years of age (P <0.02), autograft performed later than 1991 (P <0.05), and in second autografts (P <0.05). LFS was decreased in patients > 25 years of age (P <0.01), if the interval from first autograft to relapse was 8 months or less (P <0.01) and if TBI was used at first autograft (P <0.05).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-396
Number of pages8
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Volume24
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Acute leukemia
  • Allograft
  • Autograft
  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • Relapse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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