Allogeneic transplantation improves the overall and progression-free survival of Hodgkin lymphoma patients relapsing after autologous transplantation: A retrospective study based on the time of HLA typing and donor availability

Barbara Sarina, Luca Castagna, Lucia Farina, Francesca Patriarca, Fabio Benedetti, Angelo M. Carella, Michele Falda, Stefano Guidi, Fabio Ciceri, Alessandro Bonini, Samantha Ferrari, Michele Malagola, Enrico Morello, Giuseppe Milone, Benedetto Bruno, Nicola Mordini, Simonetta Viviani, Alessandro Levis, Laura Giordano, Armando SantoroPaolo Corradini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hodgkin lymphoma relapsing after autologous transplantation (autoSCT) has a dismal outcome. Allogeneic transplantation (alloSCT) using reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) is a salvage option, but its effectiveness is still unclear. To evaluate the role of RIC alloSCT, we designed a retrospective study based on the commitment of attending physicians to perform a salvage alloSCT; thus, only Hodgkin lymphoma patients having human leukocyte antigen-typing immediately after the failed autoSCT were included. Of 185 patients, 122 found an identical sibling (55%), a matched unrelated (32%) or a haploidentical sibling (13%) donor; 63 patients did not find any donor. Clinical features of both groups did not differ. Two-year progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were better in the donor group (39.3% vs 14.2%, and 66% vs 42%, respectively, P <.001) with a median follow-up of 48 months. In multivariable analysis, having a donor was significant for better PFS and OS (P <.001). Patients allografted in complete remission showed a better PFS and OS. This is the largest study comparing RIC alloSCT versus conventional treatment after a failed auto-SCT, indicating a survival benefit for patients having a donor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3671-3677
Number of pages7
JournalBlood
Volume115
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 6 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Immunology

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