Allograft artery mycotic aneurysm after kidney transplantation: A case report and review of literature

Marco Bindi, Mariano Ferraresso, Maria Letizia De Simeis, Nicholas Raison, Laura Clementoni, Serena Delbue, Marta Perego, Evaldo Favi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND Allograft artery mycotic aneurysm (MA) represents a rare but life-threatening complication of kidney transplantation. Graftectomy is widely considered the safest option. Due to the rarity of the disease and the substantial risk of fatal consequences, experience with conservative strategies is limited. To date, only a few reports on surgical repair have been published. We describe a case of true MA successfully managed by aneurysm resection and arterial re-anastomosis. CASE SUMMARY An 18-year-old gentleman, on post-operative day 70 after deceased donor kidney transplantation, presented with malaise, low urinary output, and worsening renal function. Screening organ preservation fluid cultures, collected at the time of surgery, were positive for Candida albicans. Doppler ultrasound and contrastenhanced computer tomography showed a 4-cm-sized, saccular aneurysm of the iuxta-anastomotic segment of the allograft artery, suspicious for MA. The lesion was wide-necked and extended to the distal bifurcation of the main arterial branch, thus preventing endovascular stenting and embolization. After multidisciplinary discussion, the patient underwent surgical exploration, aneurysm excision, and re-anastomosis between the stump of the allograft artery and the internal iliac artery. The procedure was uneventful. Histology and microbiology evaluation of the surgical specimen confirmed the diagnosis of MA caused by Candida infection. Three years after the operation, the patient is doing very well with excellent allograft function and no signs of recurrent disease. CONCLUSION Surgical repair represents a feasible option in carefully selected patients with allograft artery MA. Anti-fungal prophylaxis is advised when preservation fluid cultures are positive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)912-921
Number of pages10
JournalWorld Journal of Clinical Cases
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2020

Keywords

  • Aneurysm
  • Candida
  • Case report
  • Complication
  • Infection
  • Kidney transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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