The allopurinol challenge test was performed on 44 healthy subjects (28 children and 16 adolescents) in order to establish normal values of urinary orotic acid excretion following allopurinol ingestion in the paediatric population. The subjects were divided into three groups according to their age: 6 months to 6 years; 6 years to 10 years; and 10 years to 17 years. They were given 100 mg, 200 mg, or 300 mg of allopurinol, respectively (based on age) in a single oral dose. Maximum peak urinary orotic acid levels following ingestion of allopurinol were 13.0 (n=14), 9.3 (n=14), and 10.2 (n=16) μmol/mmol creatinine in the three groups, respectively. In all children tested the peak orotic acid level was 3.1±2.7 μmol/mmol creatinine (mean ± SD, n=44). This allopurinol challenge test was also performed in six children with ureacycle disorders, including five females with ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency, all of whom demonstrated abnormally elevated levels of urinary orotic acid (peak levels of 26-134 μmol/mmol creatinine) following allopurinol ingestion.
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