Splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) is one of the few B-cell lymphoma types that remain orphan of molecular lesions in cancer-related genes. Detection of active NF-κB signaling in 14 (58%) of 24 SMZLs prompted the investigation of NF-κB molecular alterations in 101 SMZLs. Mutations and copy number abnormalities of NF-κB genes occurred in 36 (36%) of 101 SMZLs and targeted both canonical (TNFAIP3 and IKBKB) and noncanonical (BIRC3, TRAF3, MAP3K14) NF-κB pathways. Most alterations were mutually exclusive, documenting the existence of multiple independent mechanisms affecting NF-κB in SMZL. BIRC3 inactivation in SMZL recurred because of somatic mutations that disrupted the same RING domain that in extranodal marginal zone lymphoma is removed by the t(11;18) translocation, which points to BIRC3 disruption as a common mechanism across marginal zone B-cell lymphomagenesis. Genetic lesions of NF-κB provide a molecular basis for the pathogenesis of more than 30% of SMZLs and offer a suitable target for NF-κB therapeutic approaches in this lymphoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology