Alteration of circadian rhythmicity of CD3+CD4+ lymphocyte subpopulation in healthy aging

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The CD4+ T helper/inducer and the CD8+ T suppressor/cytotoxic are major lymphocyte subsets that play a key role in cell-mediated immunity. Aging-related changes of immune function have been demonstrated. The purpose of this study is to analyze the dynamics of variation of these specific lymphocyte subsets in the elderly. In our study cortisol and melatonin serum levels were measured and lymphocyte subpopulation analyses were performed on blood samples collected every four hours for 24 hours from fifteen healthy young-middle-aged subjects (age range 36-55 years) and fifteen healthy elderly male subjects (age range 67-79 years). A clear circadian rhythm was validated for the time-qualified changes of CD3+ and CD4+ cells with acrophase at night and for the time-qualified changes of CD8+ cells with acrophase at noon in young-middle-aged subjects and for the time-qualified changes of CD3+ cells with acrophase at night and for the time-qualified changes of CD8+ cells with acrophase at noon in elderly subjects. No clear circadian rhythm was validated for the time-qualified changes of CD4+ cells in elderly subjects. No statistically significant correlation among lymphocyte subsets was found in elderly subjects. In elderly subjects CD3+ lymphocyte percentage was higher in the photoperiod and in the scotoperiod and cortisol serum level were higher in the scotoperiod in respect to young-middle-aged subjects. In the elderly there is an alteration of circadian rhythmicity of T helper/inducer lymphocytes and this phenomenon might contribute to the aging-related changes of immune responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-416
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Volume25
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Circadian rhythmicity
  • Lymphocyte subpopulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology
  • Cancer Research

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