Alteration of G1/S transition regulators influences recurrences in head and neck squamous carcinomas

Vincenzo Canzonieri, Luigi Barzan, Giovanni Franchin, Emanuela Vaccher, Renato Talamini, Sandro Sulfaro, Gustavo Baldassarre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Head-Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HN-SCC) is a clinically challenging disease associated with a high mortality rate. The chemo-radiotherapy treatments that aim to preserve the organ represent the current gold standard therapy for advanced laryngeal disease, reserving surgery only for non-responsive or relapsed cases. Despite these aggressive approaches, local persistent or recurrent disease remains the primary cause of treatment failure but we still do not have known factors and/or markers able to predict the outcome of the disease and in particular the risk of local relapse. Here we address this point on a series of 54 cases of HN-SCC for whom the presence of local relapse was known. Using immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis to evaluate protein expression and localization in the recurrence free and recurrence positive samples, we studied the expression of key cell cycle regulators including p53, p16, p27, pRB, Cyclin D1, Cyclin D3, and Stathmin. Overall by analyzing seven different cell cycle regulators we can hypothesize that the alteration of G1/S regulation represents a fundamental event in the onset/progression of HN-SCC cancers and that the associate use of Cyclin D1/p16 expression should be considered as a possible biomarker toward the identification of those patients that will probably develop a recurrent disease and thus should benefit of a more aggressive treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-238
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume227
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

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