Alterations in Early Filling Dynamics Predict the Progression of Compensated Pressure Overload Hypertrophy to Heart Failure Better than Abnormalities in Midwall Systolic Shortening

Stefano Perlini, Eugene S. Chung, Gerard P. Aurigemma, Theo E. Meyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To evaluate whether the evolution of compensated pressure overload hypertrophy (POH) to overt heart failure (HF) is better predicted by systolic versus diastolic dysfunction, serial echocardiography was performed 1, 2, 4, 8, and 10 weeks after suprarenal aortic banding in 52 rats. One week after banding, at comparable extent of left ventricular hypertrophy and geometry, myocardial and chamber systolic performance, a restrictive filling pattern was well evident only in rats which eventually developed overt HF, according to postmortem lung weight. In experimental POH, early assessment of transmitral flow velocity allows to predict a faster progression toward HF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-411
Number of pages11
JournalClinical and Experimental Hypertension
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Hypertrophy
Heart Failure
Pressure
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Echocardiography
Weights and Measures
Lung

Keywords

  • Diastolic function
  • Echocardiography
  • Heart failure
  • Hypertrophy
  • Systolic function
  • Transition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology

Cite this

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abstract = "To evaluate whether the evolution of compensated pressure overload hypertrophy (POH) to overt heart failure (HF) is better predicted by systolic versus diastolic dysfunction, serial echocardiography was performed 1, 2, 4, 8, and 10 weeks after suprarenal aortic banding in 52 rats. One week after banding, at comparable extent of left ventricular hypertrophy and geometry, myocardial and chamber systolic performance, a restrictive filling pattern was well evident only in rats which eventually developed overt HF, according to postmortem lung weight. In experimental POH, early assessment of transmitral flow velocity allows to predict a faster progression toward HF.",
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AU - Aurigemma, Gerard P.

AU - Meyer, Theo E.

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