Alterations in metabolic patterns have a key role in diagnosis and progression of primrose syndrome

Alberto Casertano, Paolo Fontana, Raoul C. Hennekam, Marco Tartaglia, Rita Genesio, Tina Barbaro Dieber, Lucia Ortega, Lucio Nitsch, Daniela Melis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Primrose syndrome is characterized by unusual facial features, macrocephaly, intellectual disability, enlarged, and calcified external ears, sparse body hair, and distal muscle wasting. Nine patients have been described in the literature. The disorder is due to missense mutations in ZBTB20. Here we describe one newly diagnosed 18-month-old patient and provide 10 year follow-up of an earlier reported patient, highlighting the progression and complexity of the disorder. Metabolic studies showed reduced glucose tolerance with prevalence of amino acids and fatty acids catabolism, ketogenesis, and gluconeogenesis, resulting in a Krebs cycle reversion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1896-1902
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Volume173
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2017

Fingerprint

Megalencephaly
External Ear
Citric Acid Cycle
Gluconeogenesis
Missense Mutation
Intellectual Disability
Hair
Fatty Acids
Amino Acids
Glucose
Muscles
Primrose syndrome

Keywords

  • dicarboxylic acids
  • exome sequencing
  • overgrowth
  • primrose
  • ZBTB20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Alterations in metabolic patterns have a key role in diagnosis and progression of primrose syndrome. / Casertano, Alberto; Fontana, Paolo; Hennekam, Raoul C.; Tartaglia, Marco; Genesio, Rita; Dieber, Tina Barbaro; Ortega, Lucia; Nitsch, Lucio; Melis, Daniela.

In: American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A, Vol. 173, No. 7, 01.07.2017, p. 1896-1902.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Casertano, A, Fontana, P, Hennekam, RC, Tartaglia, M, Genesio, R, Dieber, TB, Ortega, L, Nitsch, L & Melis, D 2017, 'Alterations in metabolic patterns have a key role in diagnosis and progression of primrose syndrome', American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A, vol. 173, no. 7, pp. 1896-1902. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.38124
Casertano, Alberto ; Fontana, Paolo ; Hennekam, Raoul C. ; Tartaglia, Marco ; Genesio, Rita ; Dieber, Tina Barbaro ; Ortega, Lucia ; Nitsch, Lucio ; Melis, Daniela. / Alterations in metabolic patterns have a key role in diagnosis and progression of primrose syndrome. In: American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A. 2017 ; Vol. 173, No. 7. pp. 1896-1902.
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