Altered cellular Ca2+ and Na+ transport in diabetes mellitus

Laura Mazzanti, Rosa A. Rabini, Emanuela Faloia, Paolo Fumelli, Enrico Bertoli, Roberto De Pirro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Platelet intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+];) and its response to stimuli (ADP and thrombin) were studied in 15 insulin-dependent and 22 non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients with the fluorescent probe Fura 2. The activity of Ca2+-ATPase and Na+-K+-ATPase, membrane fluidity, and cholesterol and phospholipid content were also determined in platelet membranes. Compared with control subjects, diabetic patients showed 1) increased platelet [Ca2+]; in the resting state, 2) higher Ca2+ levels after stimulation with thrombin and ADP, due entirely to increased resting concentrations, 3) reduced activity of Na+-K+-ATPase, 4) increased activity of Ca2+-ATPase, 5) higher fluidity of the platelet membrane, and 6) increased membrane concentration of total phospholipids. Na+-K+-ATPaSe activity was inversely related to platelet [Ca2+]; in each group studied, whereas Ca2+-ATPaSe activity was positively correlated with intracellular Ca2+ levels. The data obtained in diabetic subjects suggest an abnormality in Ca2+ and Na+ transport across the platelet membrane that might be responsible for the reported platelet hyperreactivity to stimuli in diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)850-854
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetes
Volume39
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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    Mazzanti, L., Rabini, R. A., Faloia, E., Fumelli, P., Bertoli, E., & De Pirro, R. (1990). Altered cellular Ca2+ and Na+ transport in diabetes mellitus. Diabetes, 39(7), 850-854.