Altered expression of DNA-topoisomerase IIα is associated with increased rate of spontaneous polyploidization in etoposide resistant K562 cells

Marina B. Melixetian, Elena V. Beryozkina, Maria A. Pavlenko, Tatyana M. Grinchuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Molecular mechanisms of drug resistance and alterations in chromosome number were studied in two independently etoposide selected clonal cell lines, K562-VP16-1 and K562-W16-2, and in bulk cell line K562-VPI6. In all cell lines was observed down-regulation of topo IIα gene expression, while topo IIβ mRNA content was unchanged compared to parental cell line. Antiapoptotic bcl-2 mRNA content was decreased in all drug resistant cell variants, the level of bcl-X(L) mRNA was greatly diminished only in one of cell lines, K562-VP16-1. Proapoptotic bax mRNA was down regulated to an undetectable level in all resistant cell lines analysed. These data indicate that abrogation of bax-mediated apoptosis can be implicated in development of etoposide resisance. Cytogenetic analysis revealed increased rate of spontaneous polyploidization in K562-VPI6 bulk and K562-VP-16-2 cells, while in K562-VP-16-1 cells was observed only moderate accumulation of polyploid cells. The degree of changes in topo IIa but not bcl-2 family members expression correlated positively with dynamics of accumulation of polyploid cells. Our findings suggest that down regulation of topo IIα in association with p53 deficiency can confer chromosomal instability in etoposide-resistant K562 cells. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-837
Number of pages7
JournalLeukemia Research
Volume24
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2000

Keywords

  • bcl-2 family genes
  • Etoposide resistance
  • K562 cells
  • Polyploidization
  • Topoisomerase II

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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