Altered expression of miRNAs and methylation of their promoters are correlated in neuroblastoma

Marco Maugeri, Davide Barbagallo, Cristina Barbagallo, Barbara Banelli, Stefania Di Mauro, Francesco Purrello, Gaetano Magro, Marco Ragusa, Cinzia Di Pietro, Massimo Romani, Michele Purrello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Neuroblastoma is the most common human extracranial solid tumor during infancy. Involvement of several miRNAs in its pathogenesis has been ascertained. Interestingly, most of their encoding genes reside in hypermethylated genomic regions: thus, their tumor suppressor function is normally disallowed in these tumors. To date, the therapeutic role of the demethylating agent 5'-Aza-2 deoxycytidine (5'-AZA) and its effects on miRNAome modulation in neuroblastoma have not been satisfactorily explored. Starting from a high-throughput expression profiling of 754 miRNAs and based on a proper selection, we focused on miR-29a-3p, miR-34b-3p, miR-181c-5p and miR-517a-3p as candidate miRNAs for our analysis. They resulted downregulated in four neuroblastoma cell lines with respect to normal adrenal gland. MiRNAs 29a-3p and 34b-3p also resulted downregulated in vivo in a murine neuroblastoma progression model. Unlike the amount of methylation of their encoding gene promoters, all these miRNAs were significantly overexpressed following treatment with 5'-AZA. Transfection with candidate miRNAs mimics significantly decreased neuroblastoma cells proliferation rate. A lower expression of miR-181c was significantly associated to a worse overall survival in a public dataset of 498 neuroblastoma samples (http://r2.amc.nl). Our data strongly suggest that CDK6, DNMT3A, DNMT3B are targets of miR-29a-3p, while CCNE2 and E2F3 are targets of miR-34b-3p. Based on all these data, we propose that miR-29a-3p, miR-34b-3p, miR-181c-5p and miR-517a-3p are disallowed tumor suppressor genes in neuroblastoma and suggest them as new therapeutic targets in neuroblastoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83330-83341
Number of pages12
JournalOncotarget
Volume7
Issue number50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • 5'-AZA
  • Gene expression
  • miRNAs encoding genes
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Promoter methylation profiles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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