Altered gene expression, mitochondrial damage and oxidative stress: Converging routes in motor neuron degeneration

Luisa Rossi, Cristiana Valle, Maria Teresa Carrì

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Motor neuron diseases (MNDs) are a rather heterogeneous group of diseases, with either sporadic or genetic origin or both, all characterized by the progressive degeneration of motor neurons. At the cellular level, MNDs share features such as protein misfolding and aggregation, mitochondrial damage and energy deficit, and excitotoxicity and calcium mishandling. This is particularly well demonstrated in ALS, where both sporadic and familial forms share the same symptoms and pathological phenotype, with a prominent role for mitochondrial damage and resulting oxidative stress. Based on recent data, however, altered control of gene expression seems to be a most relevant, and previously overlooked, player in MNDs. Here we discuss which may be the links that make pathways apparently as different as altered gene expression, mitochondrial damage, and oxidative stress converge to generate a similar motoneuron-toxic phenotype.

Original languageEnglish
Article number908724
JournalInternational Journal of Cell Biology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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