Alternating Dynamics of Segregation and Integration in Human EEG Functional Networks During Working-memory Task

AG Zippo, PA Della Rosa, I Castiglioni, GEM Biella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Brain functional networks show high variability in short time windows but mechanisms governing these transient dynamics remain unknown. In this work, we studied the temporal evolution of functional brain networks involved in a working memory (WM) task while recording high-density electroencephalography (EEG) in human normal subjects. We found that functional brain networks showed an initial phase characterized by an increase of the functional segregation index followed by a second phase where the functional segregation faded after the prevailing the functional integration. Notably, wrong trials were associated with different or disrupted sequences of the segregation-integration profiles and measures of network centrality and modularity were able to identify crucial aspects of the oscillatory network dynamics. Additionally, computational investigations further supported the experimental results. The brain functional organization may respond to the information processing demand of a WM task following a 2-step atomic scheme wherein segregation and integration alternately dominate the functional configurations. © 2017 The Author(s)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-206
Number of pages16
JournalNeuroscience
Volume371
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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