Alternative splicing of mutant LDL-receptor mRNA in an Italian patient with familial hypercholesterolemia due to a partial deletion of LDL-receptor gene (FH(Potenza))

N. Lelli, R. Garuti, F. Zambelli, S. Cassanelli, R. Tiozzo, A. Corsini, S. Bertolini, E. Riva, M. T. Ortisi, R. Bellu, S. Calandra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

An analysis of LDL-receptor gene was performed on an Italian patient with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. Restriction enzyme analysis showed that the proband was heterozygous for a deletion of 4.5 kb spanning the 5' end of exon 13 (45 nucleotide residues) to intron 15. Amplification of genomic DNA, using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), followed by direct sequencing, showed that this deletion was identical to the one reported by Lehrman et al. (1986. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 83: 3679-3683). As only the normal LDL-receptor mRNA was detectable in proband fibroblasts by Northern blot, we used reverse transcription-PCR to amplify the mutant mRNA using primers complementary to exon 6 (sense) and exon 18 (antisense). The amplification of control cDNA resulted in a single fragment of 1725 nucleotides containing the normal sequence. The amplification of cDNA from the proband produced the 1725-nucleotide fragment (as in the control) and three additional fragments (F1, F2, and F3) of smaller size. The direct sequence showed that in the F1 fragment exon 12 was joined to exon 16; in the F2 fragment exon 12 was joined to exon 17; and in the F3 fragment exon 11 was joined to exon 16. Thus, the deletion-bearing allele generated three mRNAs, two of which resulted from alternative splicings leading to the skipping of exons 16 and 12, respectively. It is expected that the translation of these mutant mRNAs will generate three aberrant proteins, the synthesis of which should be negligible in view of the very low content of the corresponding mRNAs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1347-1354
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume34
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II
LDL Receptors
Alternative Splicing
Exons
Genes
Messenger RNA
Amplification
Nucleotides
Polymerase chain reaction
Bearings (structural)
Complementary DNA
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Restriction Mapping
Protein Biosynthesis
DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
Transcription
Fibroblasts
Northern Blotting
Introns
Reverse Transcription

Keywords

  • LDL-receptor gene
  • polymerase chain reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Alternative splicing of mutant LDL-receptor mRNA in an Italian patient with familial hypercholesterolemia due to a partial deletion of LDL-receptor gene (FH(Potenza)). / Lelli, N.; Garuti, R.; Zambelli, F.; Cassanelli, S.; Tiozzo, R.; Corsini, A.; Bertolini, S.; Riva, E.; Ortisi, M. T.; Bellu, R.; Calandra, S.

In: Journal of Lipid Research, Vol. 34, No. 8, 1993, p. 1347-1354.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lelli, N, Garuti, R, Zambelli, F, Cassanelli, S, Tiozzo, R, Corsini, A, Bertolini, S, Riva, E, Ortisi, MT, Bellu, R & Calandra, S 1993, 'Alternative splicing of mutant LDL-receptor mRNA in an Italian patient with familial hypercholesterolemia due to a partial deletion of LDL-receptor gene (FH(Potenza))', Journal of Lipid Research, vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 1347-1354.
Lelli, N. ; Garuti, R. ; Zambelli, F. ; Cassanelli, S. ; Tiozzo, R. ; Corsini, A. ; Bertolini, S. ; Riva, E. ; Ortisi, M. T. ; Bellu, R. ; Calandra, S. / Alternative splicing of mutant LDL-receptor mRNA in an Italian patient with familial hypercholesterolemia due to a partial deletion of LDL-receptor gene (FH(Potenza)). In: Journal of Lipid Research. 1993 ; Vol. 34, No. 8. pp. 1347-1354.
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abstract = "An analysis of LDL-receptor gene was performed on an Italian patient with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. Restriction enzyme analysis showed that the proband was heterozygous for a deletion of 4.5 kb spanning the 5' end of exon 13 (45 nucleotide residues) to intron 15. Amplification of genomic DNA, using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), followed by direct sequencing, showed that this deletion was identical to the one reported by Lehrman et al. (1986. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 83: 3679-3683). As only the normal LDL-receptor mRNA was detectable in proband fibroblasts by Northern blot, we used reverse transcription-PCR to amplify the mutant mRNA using primers complementary to exon 6 (sense) and exon 18 (antisense). The amplification of control cDNA resulted in a single fragment of 1725 nucleotides containing the normal sequence. The amplification of cDNA from the proband produced the 1725-nucleotide fragment (as in the control) and three additional fragments (F1, F2, and F3) of smaller size. The direct sequence showed that in the F1 fragment exon 12 was joined to exon 16; in the F2 fragment exon 12 was joined to exon 17; and in the F3 fragment exon 11 was joined to exon 16. Thus, the deletion-bearing allele generated three mRNAs, two of which resulted from alternative splicings leading to the skipping of exons 16 and 12, respectively. It is expected that the translation of these mutant mRNAs will generate three aberrant proteins, the synthesis of which should be negligible in view of the very low content of the corresponding mRNAs.",
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AU - Garuti, R.

AU - Zambelli, F.

AU - Cassanelli, S.

AU - Tiozzo, R.

AU - Corsini, A.

AU - Bertolini, S.

AU - Riva, E.

AU - Ortisi, M. T.

AU - Bellu, R.

AU - Calandra, S.

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N2 - An analysis of LDL-receptor gene was performed on an Italian patient with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. Restriction enzyme analysis showed that the proband was heterozygous for a deletion of 4.5 kb spanning the 5' end of exon 13 (45 nucleotide residues) to intron 15. Amplification of genomic DNA, using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), followed by direct sequencing, showed that this deletion was identical to the one reported by Lehrman et al. (1986. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 83: 3679-3683). As only the normal LDL-receptor mRNA was detectable in proband fibroblasts by Northern blot, we used reverse transcription-PCR to amplify the mutant mRNA using primers complementary to exon 6 (sense) and exon 18 (antisense). The amplification of control cDNA resulted in a single fragment of 1725 nucleotides containing the normal sequence. The amplification of cDNA from the proband produced the 1725-nucleotide fragment (as in the control) and three additional fragments (F1, F2, and F3) of smaller size. The direct sequence showed that in the F1 fragment exon 12 was joined to exon 16; in the F2 fragment exon 12 was joined to exon 17; and in the F3 fragment exon 11 was joined to exon 16. Thus, the deletion-bearing allele generated three mRNAs, two of which resulted from alternative splicings leading to the skipping of exons 16 and 12, respectively. It is expected that the translation of these mutant mRNAs will generate three aberrant proteins, the synthesis of which should be negligible in view of the very low content of the corresponding mRNAs.

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