Aluminum borophosphate glaze-coated aluminum alloy substrate: Coating properties and coating/substrate coupling

Francieli Gonçalves Franceschini, Oscar Rubem Klegues Montedo, Sabrina Arcaro, Carlos Pérez Bergmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Thermal fatigue can cause irreversible damage in aluminum alloys restricting their use in the automotive industry, despite their excellent mechanical and technological properties. The application of ceramic coating is an alternative to obtain a protective barrier to improve the wear resistance at high temperatures. However, the low melting point and high coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of aluminum alloys limit the coating options. Thus, a suitable coupling feature can be obtained between aluminum alloys and a glazed coating. A glazed coating based on the aluminum borophosphate system was developed and applied onto an aluminum-silicon-copper commercial alloy. The coating was characterized by X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, hardness tests, and thermal analysis. The coupling between the glazed coating and the aluminum alloy surface was studied employing optical dilatometry and optical fleximetry. A dense, good adhesion coating and presenting adequate dilatometric coupling (effective coupling temperature of 345 °C) related to the investigated aluminum alloy was obtained at 500 °C. The good compatibility of CTE between the layers (24.54 × 10−6 °C-1 for the substrate and 14.56 × 10−6 °C-1 for the coating) led to a crack-free material. For this reason, microhardness increased from 136 (aluminum alloy) to 325 HV (glazed aluminum alloy). The glazed coating can expand the use of this alloy, improving its performance and thermal efficiency. This result suggests an enormous potential of applications in the automotive industry, for instance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2050-2057
Number of pages8
JournalCeramics International
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Aluminum alloy
  • Coefficient of thermal expansion
  • Glazed coating
  • Thermal coupling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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