Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Untreated and Treated Hypertensive Patients at High Altitude: The High Altitude Cardiovascular Research-Andes Study

Grzegorz Bilo, Francisco C. Villafuerte, Andrea Faini, Cecilia Anza-Ramírez, Miriam Revera, Andrea Giuliano, Sergio Caravita, Francesca Gregorini, Carolina Lombardi, Elisabetta Salvioni, Jose Luis Macarlupu, Deborah Ossoli, Leah Landaveri, Morin Lang, Piergiuseppe Agostoni, José Manuel Sosa, Giuseppe Mancia, Gianfranco Parati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Blood pressure increases during acute exposure to high altitude in healthy humans. However, little is known on altitude effects in hypertensive subjects or on the treatment efficacy in this condition. Objectives of High Altitude Cardiovascular Research (HIGHCARE)-Andes Lowlanders Study were to investigate the effects of acute high-altitude exposure on 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure in hypertensive subjects and to assess antihypertensive treatment efficacy in this setting. One hundred untreated subjects with mild hypertension (screening blood pressure, 144.1±9.8 mm Hg systolic, 92.0±7.5 mm Hg diastolic) were randomized to double-blind placebo or to telmisartan 80 mg+modified release nifedipine 30 mg combination. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was performed off-treatment, after 6 weeks of treatment at sea level, on treatment during acute exposure to high altitude (3260 m) and immediately after return to sea level. Eighty-nine patients completed the study (age, 56.4±17.6 years; 52 men/37 women; body mass index, 28.2±3.5 kg/m 2). Twenty-four-hour systolic blood pressure increased at high altitude in both groups (placebo, 11.0±9 mm Hg; P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1266-1272
Number of pages7
JournalHypertension
Volume65
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 20 2015

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Keywords

  • altitude
  • anoxia
  • antihypertensive agents
  • blood pressure
  • blood pressure monitoring, ambulatory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Bilo, G., Villafuerte, F. C., Faini, A., Anza-Ramírez, C., Revera, M., Giuliano, A., Caravita, S., Gregorini, F., Lombardi, C., Salvioni, E., Macarlupu, J. L., Ossoli, D., Landaveri, L., Lang, M., Agostoni, P., Sosa, J. M., Mancia, G., & Parati, G. (2015). Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Untreated and Treated Hypertensive Patients at High Altitude: The High Altitude Cardiovascular Research-Andes Study. Hypertension, 65(6), 1266-1272. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.114.05003