Hypertension in end-stage renal disease patients is highly prevalent and poorly controlled. Data on the ambulatory blood pressure (BP) profile and BP variability (BPV) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are absent. This study examined the BP profile and BPV of patients undergoing PD in comparison with hemodialysis (HD) and predialysis chronic kidney disease CKD patients. Thirty-eight PD patients were matched for age, sex, and dialysis vintage with 76 HD patients and for age and sex with 38 patients with CKD stage 2–4. Patients under PD or HD underwent 48-h and CKD patients 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring. BP levels and BPV indices were compared for the 48-h, first and second 24 h, daytime and nighttime periods. Two-way mixed ANOVA for repeated measurements was used to evaluate the effects of dialysis modality and time on ambulatory BP in PD and HD. During all periods studied, SBP and DBP were numerically higher but not significantly different in PD than in HD patients. Systolic BP was significantly higher in PD or HD than in predialysis CKD (PD: 138.38 ± 20.97 mmHg; HD: 133.75 ± 15.5 mmHg; CKD: 125.52 ± 13.4 mmHg, p = 0.003), a difference evident also during daytime and nighttime periods. Repeated-measurements ANOVA showed no effect of dialysis modality on ambulatory BP during any period studied. All BPV indices studied were similar between PD and HD patients, in whom they were higher than in CKD individuals (first 24-h systolic-ARV: PD: 11.86 ± 3.19 mmHg; HD: 11.23 ± 3.45 mmHg; CKD: 9.81 ± 2.49 mmHg, p = 0.016). Average BP levels and BPV indices are similar between PD and HD patients, in whom they are higher than in their CKD counterparts. The dialysis modality has no effect on the ambulatory BP profile. These results suggest that PD is no better than HD with regard to overall BP control or BP fluctuations over time.
- ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
- blood pressure variability
- chronic kidney disease
- peritoneal dialysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine