Amount of DNA in plasma and cancer risk: A prospective study

Emmanuelle Gormally, Pierre Hainaut, Elodie Caboux, Luisa Airoldi, Herman Autrup, Christian Malaveille, Alison Dunning, Seymour Garte, Giuseppe Matullo, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjonneland, Francoise Clavel-Chapelon, Paolo Boffetta, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Domenico Palli, Vittorio Krogh, Rosario Tumino, Salvatore Panico, H. Bas Bueno-De-MesquitaPetra H. Peeters, Eiliv Lund, Carlos A. Gonzalez, Carmen Martinez, Miren Dorronsoro, Aurelio Barricarte, M. Jose Tormo, J. Ramón Quiros, Goran Berglund, Goran Hallmans, Nicholas E. Day, Timothy J. Key, Fabrizio Veglia, Marco Peluso, Teresa Norat, Rodolfo Saracci, Rudolf Kaaks, Elio Riboli, Paolo Vineis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Levels of plasma DNA concentrations in cancer patients have been shown to be higher than the plasma DNA concentrations found in healthy subjects. The value of plasma DNA levels for development of neoplastic or pulmonary disease was evaluated in a large prospective study. Plasma samples (n = I,184) were analyzed from 776 controls, 359 cases of cancer (lung, bladder, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, leukemia) and 49 deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including never smokers and ex-smokers, from 9 countries across Europe. The amount of plasma DNA was variable across the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) centers. High DNA concentrations in some centers might be due to the type of population recruited and/or the treatment of the samples. An elevated and statistically significant odds ratio (OR) was found for COPD deaths (OR = 2.53; 95% CI = 1.06-6.02), while nonsignificant increased ORs were present for oral cancers, cancers of the pharynx and larynx and leukemia. When the analyses were stratified by time since recruitment (below or above 36 months), the increased ORs were limited to the more recent period of recruitment, i.e., a time elapsed between blood drawing and disease onset lower than 36 months. This was particularly true for COPD deaths (OR = 12.7; 95% CI = 1.57-103) and leukemia (OR = 2.37; 95% CI = 1.20-4.67).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)746-749
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume111
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 20 2004

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Molecular repidemiology
  • Plasmatic DNA
  • Prospective studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Amount of DNA in plasma and cancer risk: A prospective study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Gormally, E., Hainaut, P., Caboux, E., Airoldi, L., Autrup, H., Malaveille, C., Dunning, A., Garte, S., Matullo, G., Overvad, K., Tjonneland, A., Clavel-Chapelon, F., Boffetta, P., Boeing, H., Trichopoulou, A., Palli, D., Krogh, V., Tumino, R., Panico, S., ... Vineis, P. (2004). Amount of DNA in plasma and cancer risk: A prospective study. International Journal of Cancer, 111(5), 746-749. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.20327