Amyloid goiter: the first evidence in secondary amyloidosis. Report of five cases and review of literature.

A. D'Antonio, R. Franco, L. Sparano, G. Terzi, G. Pettinato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Amyloid deposition in secondary amyloidosis frequently involves thyroid gland, but rarely is responsible of a goiter. Amyloid goiter in secondary amyloidosis is characterized by deposition of amyloid A protein (AA) in the gland, associated to atrophic follicles. We identified cases of amyloid goiter in the files of our department in the period from 1985 to 1998. Five cases of amyloid goiter with ingravescent symptomatology, characterized by dyspnea, dysphagia and hoarseness were selected. In four cases of five we observed predisposing conditions as, for example, tuberculosis, Crohn's disease, or rheumatoid arthritis. In all cases the symptoms relative to thyroid enlargement preceded or, anyway, predominated over other clinical evidence of systemic amyloidosis. In one case a symptomatology of systemic amyloidosis was not evident. We would like to underline that in all cases the immunoreactivity for amyloid A in the amorphous material present in the gland permitted the diagnosis of secondary amyloidosis even in the absence of systemic symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-106
Number of pages8
JournalAdvances in clinical pathology : the official journal of Adriatic Society of Pathology
Volume4
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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