An adolescent with acute abdominal pain and bowel wall thickening

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Abstract

: A 15-year-old girl was admitted with acute crampy abdominal pain and repeated vomiting over the preceding 2 hours; no fever, diarrhoea or abdominal trauma was reported. She had started oestrogen-progestin contraception 3 months ago. She had sought medical advice twice in the previous weeks for self-limiting episodes of right hand swelling, without urticaria. On examination, she was unwell and in pain, with severe tenderness in the right lower quadrant, without guarding or rebound tenderness. Bowel sounds were diminished. Blood tests were unremarkable. Two hours after admission, an abdominal ultrasound scanning showed an impressive wall thickening (>1 cm) of the terminal ileum, caecum and ascending colon (figure 1). Abundant free intraperitoneal fluids in the pelvis and in the hepatorenal recess were present.edpract;103/1/22/EDPRACT2016311823F1F1EDPRACT2016311823F1Figure 1Marked caecal wall thickening evidenced at the ultrasound scanning.

QUESTIONS: Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis in this patient? Ileocolic intussusceptionGastrointestinal manifestation of Henoch-Schönlein purpuraAbdominal attack of hereditary angioedema (HAE)Acute pancreatitisWhich of the following blood tests may help to confirm the diagnosis? Erythrocyte sedimentation rateC4Serum amylase: 36 IU/LC1-inhibitorHow should this patient be evaluated and treated?Answers are on page▪▪▪.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-24
Number of pages3
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood: Education and Practice Edition
Volume103
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

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Acute Pain
Hematologic Tests
Abdominal Pain
Hereditary Angioedemas
Ascending Colon
Blood Sedimentation
Urticaria
Progestins
Amylases
Pelvis
Contraception
Ileum
Vomiting
Diarrhea
Estrogens
Fever
Hand
Pain
Wounds and Injuries

Cite this

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title = "An adolescent with acute abdominal pain and bowel wall thickening",
abstract = ": A 15-year-old girl was admitted with acute crampy abdominal pain and repeated vomiting over the preceding 2 hours; no fever, diarrhoea or abdominal trauma was reported. She had started oestrogen-progestin contraception 3 months ago. She had sought medical advice twice in the previous weeks for self-limiting episodes of right hand swelling, without urticaria. On examination, she was unwell and in pain, with severe tenderness in the right lower quadrant, without guarding or rebound tenderness. Bowel sounds were diminished. Blood tests were unremarkable. Two hours after admission, an abdominal ultrasound scanning showed an impressive wall thickening (>1 cm) of the terminal ileum, caecum and ascending colon (figure 1). Abundant free intraperitoneal fluids in the pelvis and in the hepatorenal recess were present.edpract;103/1/22/EDPRACT2016311823F1F1EDPRACT2016311823F1Figure 1Marked caecal wall thickening evidenced at the ultrasound scanning.QUESTIONS: Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis in this patient? Ileocolic intussusceptionGastrointestinal manifestation of Henoch-Sch{\"o}nlein purpuraAbdominal attack of hereditary angioedema (HAE)Acute pancreatitisWhich of the following blood tests may help to confirm the diagnosis? Erythrocyte sedimentation rateC4Serum amylase: 36 IU/LC1-inhibitorHow should this patient be evaluated and treated?Answers are on page▪▪▪.",
author = "Giorgio Cozzi and Lorenzo Calligaris and Claudio Germani and Daniela Sanabor and Egidio Barbi",
note = "Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.",
year = "2018",
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doi = "10.1136/archdischild-2016-311823",
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T1 - An adolescent with acute abdominal pain and bowel wall thickening

AU - Cozzi, Giorgio

AU - Calligaris, Lorenzo

AU - Germani, Claudio

AU - Sanabor, Daniela

AU - Barbi, Egidio

N1 - Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

PY - 2018/2

Y1 - 2018/2

N2 - : A 15-year-old girl was admitted with acute crampy abdominal pain and repeated vomiting over the preceding 2 hours; no fever, diarrhoea or abdominal trauma was reported. She had started oestrogen-progestin contraception 3 months ago. She had sought medical advice twice in the previous weeks for self-limiting episodes of right hand swelling, without urticaria. On examination, she was unwell and in pain, with severe tenderness in the right lower quadrant, without guarding or rebound tenderness. Bowel sounds were diminished. Blood tests were unremarkable. Two hours after admission, an abdominal ultrasound scanning showed an impressive wall thickening (>1 cm) of the terminal ileum, caecum and ascending colon (figure 1). Abundant free intraperitoneal fluids in the pelvis and in the hepatorenal recess were present.edpract;103/1/22/EDPRACT2016311823F1F1EDPRACT2016311823F1Figure 1Marked caecal wall thickening evidenced at the ultrasound scanning.QUESTIONS: Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis in this patient? Ileocolic intussusceptionGastrointestinal manifestation of Henoch-Schönlein purpuraAbdominal attack of hereditary angioedema (HAE)Acute pancreatitisWhich of the following blood tests may help to confirm the diagnosis? Erythrocyte sedimentation rateC4Serum amylase: 36 IU/LC1-inhibitorHow should this patient be evaluated and treated?Answers are on page▪▪▪.

AB - : A 15-year-old girl was admitted with acute crampy abdominal pain and repeated vomiting over the preceding 2 hours; no fever, diarrhoea or abdominal trauma was reported. She had started oestrogen-progestin contraception 3 months ago. She had sought medical advice twice in the previous weeks for self-limiting episodes of right hand swelling, without urticaria. On examination, she was unwell and in pain, with severe tenderness in the right lower quadrant, without guarding or rebound tenderness. Bowel sounds were diminished. Blood tests were unremarkable. Two hours after admission, an abdominal ultrasound scanning showed an impressive wall thickening (>1 cm) of the terminal ileum, caecum and ascending colon (figure 1). Abundant free intraperitoneal fluids in the pelvis and in the hepatorenal recess were present.edpract;103/1/22/EDPRACT2016311823F1F1EDPRACT2016311823F1Figure 1Marked caecal wall thickening evidenced at the ultrasound scanning.QUESTIONS: Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis in this patient? Ileocolic intussusceptionGastrointestinal manifestation of Henoch-Schönlein purpuraAbdominal attack of hereditary angioedema (HAE)Acute pancreatitisWhich of the following blood tests may help to confirm the diagnosis? Erythrocyte sedimentation rateC4Serum amylase: 36 IU/LC1-inhibitorHow should this patient be evaluated and treated?Answers are on page▪▪▪.

U2 - 10.1136/archdischild-2016-311823

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JO - Archives of Disease in Childhood: Education and Practice Edition

JF - Archives of Disease in Childhood: Education and Practice Edition

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