The complex biology of neurological diseases calls for collaborative efforts that may increase the success rate of clinical research. Models have been proposed, but concrete actions remain insufficient. Based on recent considerations from basic science, from science of patient input and from an analysis of scientific resources in Italy, we here explain why our country may represent an appropriate environment for such actions. Furthermore, we sketch operational framework and business model to be applied in order to accelerate, in parallel, the development of therapies in common and rare diseases. © 2019, The Author(s).