An angiographic evaluation of restenosis rate at a six-month follow-up of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction submitted to primary percutaneous coronary intervention

C. Giglioli, S. Valente, M. Margheri, M. Comeglio, M. Chiostri, S. M. Romano, E. Saletti, M. Falai, T. Chechi, G. F. Gensini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is considered to be the optimal type of revascularization in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the long-term effectiveness of this procedure can be reduced by restenosis. This investigation was aimed at a prospective evaluation, in a group of STEMI patients of "the real world" (not involved in randomised trials), of the angiographic restenosis rate at a 6-month follow-up, and at identifying the relationship between restenosis and the patients' characteristics. Materials and methods: Our study population consisted of 123 patients with STEMI submitted to primary PCI to then undergo stress echocardiography 3 months after PCI and an angiographic evaluation at a 6-month follow-up. Results: a) In real life the restenosis rate is quite high (42.3%); b) no correlation was found between patients' clinical characteristics and restenosis; c) restenosis rate was higher in patients with bare metal stents than in those with drug-eluting stents (55.8% vs. 11.1%; p <0.001); in patients with longer stents (21.6 ± 8.62 vs 18.1 ± 6.34 mm, p = 0.015) and when more than one stent was implanted. Moreover, a consistent number of patients showed restenosis though asymptomatic. Conclusions: Our data suggest that primary PCI is associated with a high incidence of angiographic restenosis. No correlation was found between patients' clinical characteristics and restenosis. The length and the number of implanted stents seem to be associated with a more probable restenosis at six-month angiographic evaluation. Drug-eluting stent implantation seems to be associated with a lower incidence of restenosis even in STEMI patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-369
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume131
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 24 2009

Keywords

  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Angiographic restenosis rate
  • Follow-up
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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