An atypical presentation of intrahepatic perforated cholecystitis: A modern indication to open cholecystectomy. Report of a case

Marcello Donati, Antonio Biondi, Francesco Basile, Salvatore Gruttadauria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Intrahepatic gallbladder perforation with chronic liver abscess formation was anecdotically reported in the literature. The aim of this work is to report a case of intrahepatic gallbladder perforation and its atypical clinical presentation. Case presentation. A 62-year-old male patient came to our observation; his medical history showed intermittent fever up to 39-40°C of about 2 weeks and anorexia, with an overall weight loss of about 12 Kg. Physical examination of the abdomen was negative. An ultrasound of the liver and an abdominal CT angiogram detected a disomogeneous hypoechoic-hypodense area in the 5th segment of the liver. Differential diagnosis between hepatic abscess or gallbladder cancer remained open. A surgical exploration was planned. After laparoscopic exploration, a conversion to open procedure with an atypical resection of the 5th hepatic segment was performed. Histologic examination of the specimen showed an intrahepatic chronic perforation of the gallbladder with intrahepatic abscess. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, 18 cases have been reported in the literature as a Niemeier type I perforation. Clinical presentation, even in its extreme rarity, is more often acute. Differential diagnosis between gallbladder cancer versus liver abscess remains controversial. Open approach is mandatory in such cases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6
JournalBMC Surgery
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 27 2014

Keywords

  • Chronic cholecystitis
  • Chronic perforation
  • Hepatic abscess
  • Intrahepatic perforation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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