An early-senescence state in aged mesenchymal stromal cells contributes to hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell clonogenic impairment through the activation of a pro-inflammatory program

Daniela Gnani, Stefania Crippa, Lucrezia della Volpe, Valeria Rossella, Anastasia Conti, Emanuele Lettera, Silvia Rivis, Marco Ometti, Gianfranco Fraschini, Maria Ester Bernardo, Raffaella Di Micco

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Abstract

Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC) reside in the bone marrow (BM) niche and serve as a reservoir for mature blood cells throughout life. Aging in the BM is characterized by low-grade chronic inflammation that could contribute to the reduced functionality of aged HSPC. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) in the BM support HSPC self-renewal. However, changes in MSC function with age and the crosstalk between MSC and HSPC remain understudied. Here, we conducted an extensive characterization of senescence features in BM-derived MSC from young and aged healthy donors. Aged MSC displayed an enlarged senescent-like morphology, a delayed clonogenic potential and reduced proliferation ability when compared to younger counterparts. Of note, the observed proliferation delay was associated with increased levels of SA-β-galactosidase (SA-β-Gal) and lipofuscin in aged MSC at early passages and a modest but consistent accumulation of physical DNA damage and DNA damage response (DDR) activation. Consistent with the establishment of a senescence-like state in aged MSC, we detected an increase in pro-inflammatory senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) factors, both at the transcript and protein levels. Conversely, the immunomodulatory properties of aged MSC were significantly reduced. Importantly, exposure of young HSPC to factors secreted by aged MSC induced pro-inflammatory genes in HSPC and impaired HSPC clonogenic potential in a SASP-dependent manner. Altogether, our results reveal that BM-derived MSC from aged healthy donors display features of senescence and that, during aging, MSC-associated secretomes contribute to activate an inflammatory transcriptional program in HSPC that may ultimately impair their functionality.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12933
JournalAging Cell
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

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Keywords

  • aging
  • DNA damage
  • hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells
  • inflammation
  • mesenchymal stromal cells
  • SASP
  • senescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Cell Biology

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