An evidence-based multidisciplinary approach focused at creating algorithms for targeted therapy of infection-related ventilator associated complications (IVACs) caused by Enterobacterales in critically ill adult patients

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Prompt implementation of appropriate targeted antibiotic therapy representsa valuable approach in improving clinical and ecological outcome in critically septic patients. Thismultidisciplinary opinion article aims to develop evidence-based algorithms for targeted antibiotictherapy of infection-related ventilator associated complications (IVACs) caused by Enterobacterales,which are among the most common pathogens associated with these conditions. Areas covered: A multidisciplinary team of four experts had several rounds of assessment for developingalgorithms devoted to targeted antimicrobial therapy of IVACs caused by Enterobacterales.A literature search was performed on PubMed-MEDLINE (until March 2021) to provide evidence forsupporting therapeutic choices. Quality and strength of evidence was established according toa hierarchical scale of the study design. Six different algorithms with associated recommendations concerning therapeutic choice and dosing optimization were suggested according to the susceptibilitypattern of Enterobacterales: multi-susceptible, extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing,AmpC beta-lactamase-producing, Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing, OXA-48-producing, and metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL)-producing Enterobacterales. Expert opinion: The implementation of algorithms focused on prompt revision of antibiotic regimensguided by results of conventional and rapid diagnostic methodologies, appropriate place in therapy ofnovel beta-lactams, implementation of strategies for sparing the broadest-spectrum antibiotics, and PK/PD optimization of antibiotic dosing regimens is strongly suggested.

Original languageEnglish
JournalExpert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial stewardship
  • critically ill patients
  • infection-related ventilator associated complications
  • multidisciplinary taskforce
  • PK/PD dosing optimization
  • targeted antibiotic therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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