An Exosome-Based Vaccine Platform Imparts Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte Immunity Against Viral Antigens

Simona Anticoli, Francesco Manfredi, Chiara Chiozzini, Claudia Arenaccio, Eleonora Olivetta, Flavia Ferrantelli, Antonio Capocefalo, Emiliana Falcone, Anna Ruggieri, Maurizio Federico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Exosomes are 50-150 nm sized nanovesicles released by all eukaryotic cells. The authors very recently described a method to engineer exosomes in vivo with the E7 protein of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). This technique consists in the intramuscular injection of a DNA vector expressing HPV-E7 fused at the C-terminus of an exosome-anchoring protein, that is, Nefmut, the authors previously characterized for its high levels of incorporation in exosomes. In this configuration, the ≈11 kDa E7 protein elicited a both strong and effective antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) immunity. Attempting to establish whether this method could have general applicability, the authors expanded the immunogenicity studies toward an array of viral products of various origin and size including Ebola Virus VP24, VP40 and NP, Influenza Virus NP, Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever NP, West Nile Virus NS3, and Hepatitis C Virus NS3. All antigens appeared stable upon fusion with Nefmut, and are uploaded in exosomes at levels comparable to Nefmut. When injected in mice, DNA vectors expressing the diverse fusion products elicited a well detectable antigen-specific CD8+T cell response associating with a cytotoxic activity potent enough to kill peptide-loaded and/or antigen-expressing syngeneic cells. These data definitely proven both effectiveness and flexibility of this innovative CTL vaccine platform.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e1700443
JournalBiotechnology Journal
Volume13
Issue number4
Early online dateDec 23 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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