An experimental study on minimally occlusive laser-assisted vascular anastomosis in bypass surgery: The importance of temperature monitoring during laser welding procedures

G. Esposito, F. Rossi, A. Puca, A. Albanese, Giovanni Sabatino, P. Matteini, G. Lofrese, G. Maira, R. Pini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Laser welding has been proposed as an alternative technique to conventional stitching in microvascular anastomosis, with the advantages of improving the vascular healing process and reducing the risk of malfunction of a bypass. Our group recently proposed a laser-assisted end-to-side anastomotic technique, providing the advantages of laser welding and reducing the occlusion time of the recipient vessel, that is important in neurosurgical bypass procedures, in order to reduce the risk of cerebral ischemia. This in vivo study focuses on the control of the temperature dynamics developing in the welded tissue. A jugular vein graft was harvested and implanted on the rabbit carotid artery by means of two end-to-side anastomosis. Laser welding procedure was then carried out to implant the bypass. A real-time monitoring of the temperature during welding was performed with an infrared thermocamera, in order to control the laser-induced heating effect on the external surface of the vessel walls. The temperature analysis highlighted the dynamic of the heating effect in space and time and enabled us to define an optimal temperature range in operative conditions. The temperature control provided safe tissue heating confined within the directly irradiated area, with negligible damage to surrounding tissues, as well as effective sealing and welding of the vessel edges at the anastomotic sites. The average occlusion time of the carotid artery was about 11 minutes. After a follow-up of 30 days, all the bypasses were patent and no signs of thrombosis or leak point pressure were present, thus confirming the safety of this laser-assisted anastomotic procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-315
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Volume24
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Anastomosis
  • Infrared thermography
  • Laser welding
  • Temperature control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Cancer Research
  • Immunology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Oncology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Medicine(all)

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