A method for detecting granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) receptors has been devised using human macrophages and a GM-CSF/IL-3-dependent human megakaryoblastic leukemia cell line (M-07e). Recognition of the factor-binding site was accomplished by linking recombinant human (rh) unglycosylated GM-CSF previously labeled with digoxigenated compounds. Digoxigenates were able to link amino and sulphydryl groups of the soluble factor and an immunoperoxidase technique using monoclonal anti-digoxigenin antibody was employed to demonstrate the interaction. To support morphological data cross-linking analysis was performed with M-07e cells using digoxigenated-rh-GM-CSF. Macrophages and M-07e cells incubated with digoxigenated-rh-GM-CSF showed intense positivity by the immunoperoxidase technique. In cross-linking, M07e cells showed a 96 kDa band corresponding to receptor plus bound factor. This technique permits a high degree of specificity in the detection of GM-CSF receptors with good morphological preservation of cellular detail.
- Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor
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