An in-depth analysis of nosocomial bloodstream infections due to Gram-negative bacilli: clinical features, microbiological characteristics and predictors of mortality in a 1 year, prospective study in a large tertiary care Italian hospital

Diego Delle Rose, Patrizio Pezzotti, Carla Fontana, Anna Altieri, Silvia Minelli, Benedetta Mariotti, Raffaella Cerretti, Davide Leoni, Massimo Andreoni, Loredana Sarmati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Bloodstream infections (BSI) due to Gram negative bacilli (GNB) represent a major concern among nosocomial infections, since they are noticeably associated with a high mortality rates, increase of healthcare costs and prolongation of hospital stay. Methods: Over a 12-month period (2014–2015) all the adult patients admitted to a university-based Italian hospital were monitored for development of BSIs due to GNB. Multiple logistics regression models were performed to assess the impact of patients' risk factors on the in-hospital and 14-day mortality. Results: During the study period 208 patients were diagnosed with at least a BSI due to a Gram negative species for an incidence rate of 12.8 cases/1,000 admissions (95%CI: 11.2–14.7). Multivariate analyses showed that multiple organ dysfunctions along with immune deficit and inadequate therapy in the first 48hrs were associated with a higher risk of death. Conclusions: A thorough evaluation of both immune status and organ dysfunction at the onset of septic events, along with adequate antimicrobial therapy appear to be the most reliable factors in predicting the outcome in these infections. SOFA score can be efficaciously substituted to the single organ dysfunctions analysis in predicting mortality after these events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-22
Number of pages11
JournalInfectious Diseases
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2 2019

Keywords

  • Bloodstream infections
  • characteristics
  • Gram negative
  • mortality
  • nosocomial
  • predictors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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