An in vitro evaluation of heat production during osteotomy preparation for dental implants with compressive osteotomes

Alessandro Quaranta, Sebastiano Andreana, Liana Spazzafumo, Matteo Piemontese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To assess heat production using osteotomes under conditions simulating implant placement in D3, D4 bone. MATERIAL AND METHODS:: Implant osteotomes were tested (Winsix, Biosafin, Italy). Site preparations were performed on porcine ribs through a compressive fashion. The ribs were partially immersed in a custom-made water bath/water pump system that maintained the baseline temperature at 36 C. Temperatures generated at different depths (2, 5, and 9 mm) during a series of 25 osteotomies were measured using 3 thermocouples connected to a digital thermometer. RESULTS:: The mean temperatures never exceeded 37 C and were all significantly lower than those reported during preparation with standard implant drills. Statistical evaluation of the temperature during implant site preparation showed slight significant variations between the baseline values and those of the different depth preparations. CONCLUSIONS:: Within the limits of this study, the production of heat during implant preparation using osteotomes shows significant variations at different depths. However, these variations are not clinically relevant because they never increased over the values that negatively affect bone that may jeopardize osseointegration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-164
Number of pages4
JournalImplant Dentistry
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

Fingerprint

Dental Implants
Thermogenesis
Osteotomy
Temperature
Ribs
Thermometers
Osseointegration
Bone and Bones
Mandrillus
Water
Baths
Italy
Swine
In Vitro Techniques

Keywords

  • dental implants
  • heat production
  • osteotomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery

Cite this

An in vitro evaluation of heat production during osteotomy preparation for dental implants with compressive osteotomes. / Quaranta, Alessandro; Andreana, Sebastiano; Spazzafumo, Liana; Piemontese, Matteo.

In: Implant Dentistry, Vol. 22, No. 2, 04.2013, p. 161-164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Quaranta, Alessandro ; Andreana, Sebastiano ; Spazzafumo, Liana ; Piemontese, Matteo. / An in vitro evaluation of heat production during osteotomy preparation for dental implants with compressive osteotomes. In: Implant Dentistry. 2013 ; Vol. 22, No. 2. pp. 161-164.
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