An increase in myocardial 18-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake is associated with left ventricular ejection fraction decline in Hodgkin lymphoma patients treated with anthracycline

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Abstract

Background: Doxorubicin (DOX)-based chemotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) yields excellent disease-free survival, but poses a substantial risk of subsequent left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and heart failure, typically with delayed onset. At the cellular level, this cardiotoxicity includes deranged cardiac glucose metabolism. Methods: By reviewing the hospital records from January 2008 through December 2016, we selected HL patients meeting the following criteria: ≥ 18 year-old; first-line DOX-containing chemotherapy; no diabetes and apparent cardiovascular disease; 18-fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18FDG-PET) scans before treatment (PETSTAGING), after 2 cycles (PETINTERIM) and at the end of treatment (PETEOT); at least one echocardiography ≥ 6 months after chemotherapy completion (ECHOPOST). We then evaluated the changes in LV 18FDG standardized uptake values (SUV) during the course of DOX therapy, and the relationship between LV-SUV and LV ejection fraction (LVEF), as calculated from the LV diameters in the echocardiography reports with the Teicholz formula. Results: Forty-three patients (35 ± 13 year-old, 58% males) were included in the study, with 26 (60%) also having a baseline echocardiography available (ECHOPRE). LV-SUV gradually increased from PETSTAGING (log-transformed mean 0.20 ± 0.27) to PETINTERIM (0.27 ± 0.35) to PETEOT (0.30 ± 0.41; P for trend < 0.001). ECHOPOST was performed 22 ± 17 months after DOX chemotherapy. Mean LVEF was normal (68.8 ± 10.3%) and only three subjects (7%) faced a drop below the upper normal limit of 53%. However, when patients were categorized by median LV-SUV, LVEF at ECHOPOST resulted significantly lower in those with LV-SUV above than below the median value at both PETINTERIM (65.5 ± 11.8% vs. 71.9 ± 7.8%, P = 0.04) and PETEOT (65.6 ± 12.2% vs. 72.2 ± 7.0%, P = 0.04). This was also the case when only patients with ECHOPRE and ECHOPOST were considered (LVEF at ECHOPOST 64.7 ± 8.9% vs. 73.4 ± 7.6%, P = 0.01 and 64.6 ± 9.3% vs. 73.5 ± 7.0%, P = 0.01 for those with LV-SUV above vs. below the median at PETINTERIM and PETEOT, respectively). Furthermore, the difference between LVEF at ECHOPRE and ECHOPOST was inversely correlated with LV-SUV at PETEOT (P < 0.01, R2 = - 0.30). Conclusions: DOX-containing chemotherapy causes an increase in cardiac 18FDG uptake, which is associated with a decline in LVEF. Future studies are warranted to understand the molecular basis and the potential clinical implications of this observation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number295
JournalJournal of Translational Medicine
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 25 2018

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Chemotherapy
Anthracyclines
Hodgkin Disease
Stroke Volume
Doxorubicin
Echocardiography
Drug Therapy
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
Therapeutics
Positron emission tomography
Deoxyglucose
Medical problems
Metabolism
Hospital Records
Left Ventricular Dysfunction
Positron-Emission Tomography
Disease-Free Survival
Glucose
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Failure

Keywords

  • FDG-PET
  • Cardiotoxicity
  • Doxorubicin
  • Heart failure
  • Left ventricular dysfunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

@article{1eab95f57cf841d5960f867f9eaff7ef,
title = "An increase in myocardial 18-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake is associated with left ventricular ejection fraction decline in Hodgkin lymphoma patients treated with anthracycline",
abstract = "Background: Doxorubicin (DOX)-based chemotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) yields excellent disease-free survival, but poses a substantial risk of subsequent left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and heart failure, typically with delayed onset. At the cellular level, this cardiotoxicity includes deranged cardiac glucose metabolism. Methods: By reviewing the hospital records from January 2008 through December 2016, we selected HL patients meeting the following criteria: ≥ 18 year-old; first-line DOX-containing chemotherapy; no diabetes and apparent cardiovascular disease; 18-fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18FDG-PET) scans before treatment (PETSTAGING), after 2 cycles (PETINTERIM) and at the end of treatment (PETEOT); at least one echocardiography ≥ 6 months after chemotherapy completion (ECHOPOST). We then evaluated the changes in LV 18FDG standardized uptake values (SUV) during the course of DOX therapy, and the relationship between LV-SUV and LV ejection fraction (LVEF), as calculated from the LV diameters in the echocardiography reports with the Teicholz formula. Results: Forty-three patients (35 ± 13 year-old, 58{\%} males) were included in the study, with 26 (60{\%}) also having a baseline echocardiography available (ECHOPRE). LV-SUV gradually increased from PETSTAGING (log-transformed mean 0.20 ± 0.27) to PETINTERIM (0.27 ± 0.35) to PETEOT (0.30 ± 0.41; P for trend < 0.001). ECHOPOST was performed 22 ± 17 months after DOX chemotherapy. Mean LVEF was normal (68.8 ± 10.3{\%}) and only three subjects (7{\%}) faced a drop below the upper normal limit of 53{\%}. However, when patients were categorized by median LV-SUV, LVEF at ECHOPOST resulted significantly lower in those with LV-SUV above than below the median value at both PETINTERIM (65.5 ± 11.8{\%} vs. 71.9 ± 7.8{\%}, P = 0.04) and PETEOT (65.6 ± 12.2{\%} vs. 72.2 ± 7.0{\%}, P = 0.04). This was also the case when only patients with ECHOPRE and ECHOPOST were considered (LVEF at ECHOPOST 64.7 ± 8.9{\%} vs. 73.4 ± 7.6{\%}, P = 0.01 and 64.6 ± 9.3{\%} vs. 73.5 ± 7.0{\%}, P = 0.01 for those with LV-SUV above vs. below the median at PETINTERIM and PETEOT, respectively). Furthermore, the difference between LVEF at ECHOPRE and ECHOPOST was inversely correlated with LV-SUV at PETEOT (P < 0.01, R2 = - 0.30). Conclusions: DOX-containing chemotherapy causes an increase in cardiac 18FDG uptake, which is associated with a decline in LVEF. Future studies are warranted to understand the molecular basis and the potential clinical implications of this observation.",
keywords = "FDG-PET, Cardiotoxicity, Doxorubicin, Heart failure, Left ventricular dysfunction",
author = "Matteo Sarocchi and Matteo Bauckneht and Eleonora Arboscello and Selene Capitanio and Cecilia Marini and Silvia Morbelli and Maurizio Miglino and Congiu, {Angela Giovanna} and Giorgio Ghigliotti and Manrico Balbi and Claudio Brunelli and Gianmario Sambuceti and Pietro Ameri and Paolo Spallarossa",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
day = "25",
doi = "10.1186/s12967-018-1670-9",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "Journal of Translational Medicine",
issn = "1479-5876",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An increase in myocardial 18-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake is associated with left ventricular ejection fraction decline in Hodgkin lymphoma patients treated with anthracycline

AU - Sarocchi, Matteo

AU - Bauckneht, Matteo

AU - Arboscello, Eleonora

AU - Capitanio, Selene

AU - Marini, Cecilia

AU - Morbelli, Silvia

AU - Miglino, Maurizio

AU - Congiu, Angela Giovanna

AU - Ghigliotti, Giorgio

AU - Balbi, Manrico

AU - Brunelli, Claudio

AU - Sambuceti, Gianmario

AU - Ameri, Pietro

AU - Spallarossa, Paolo

PY - 2018/10/25

Y1 - 2018/10/25

N2 - Background: Doxorubicin (DOX)-based chemotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) yields excellent disease-free survival, but poses a substantial risk of subsequent left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and heart failure, typically with delayed onset. At the cellular level, this cardiotoxicity includes deranged cardiac glucose metabolism. Methods: By reviewing the hospital records from January 2008 through December 2016, we selected HL patients meeting the following criteria: ≥ 18 year-old; first-line DOX-containing chemotherapy; no diabetes and apparent cardiovascular disease; 18-fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18FDG-PET) scans before treatment (PETSTAGING), after 2 cycles (PETINTERIM) and at the end of treatment (PETEOT); at least one echocardiography ≥ 6 months after chemotherapy completion (ECHOPOST). We then evaluated the changes in LV 18FDG standardized uptake values (SUV) during the course of DOX therapy, and the relationship between LV-SUV and LV ejection fraction (LVEF), as calculated from the LV diameters in the echocardiography reports with the Teicholz formula. Results: Forty-three patients (35 ± 13 year-old, 58% males) were included in the study, with 26 (60%) also having a baseline echocardiography available (ECHOPRE). LV-SUV gradually increased from PETSTAGING (log-transformed mean 0.20 ± 0.27) to PETINTERIM (0.27 ± 0.35) to PETEOT (0.30 ± 0.41; P for trend < 0.001). ECHOPOST was performed 22 ± 17 months after DOX chemotherapy. Mean LVEF was normal (68.8 ± 10.3%) and only three subjects (7%) faced a drop below the upper normal limit of 53%. However, when patients were categorized by median LV-SUV, LVEF at ECHOPOST resulted significantly lower in those with LV-SUV above than below the median value at both PETINTERIM (65.5 ± 11.8% vs. 71.9 ± 7.8%, P = 0.04) and PETEOT (65.6 ± 12.2% vs. 72.2 ± 7.0%, P = 0.04). This was also the case when only patients with ECHOPRE and ECHOPOST were considered (LVEF at ECHOPOST 64.7 ± 8.9% vs. 73.4 ± 7.6%, P = 0.01 and 64.6 ± 9.3% vs. 73.5 ± 7.0%, P = 0.01 for those with LV-SUV above vs. below the median at PETINTERIM and PETEOT, respectively). Furthermore, the difference between LVEF at ECHOPRE and ECHOPOST was inversely correlated with LV-SUV at PETEOT (P < 0.01, R2 = - 0.30). Conclusions: DOX-containing chemotherapy causes an increase in cardiac 18FDG uptake, which is associated with a decline in LVEF. Future studies are warranted to understand the molecular basis and the potential clinical implications of this observation.

AB - Background: Doxorubicin (DOX)-based chemotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) yields excellent disease-free survival, but poses a substantial risk of subsequent left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and heart failure, typically with delayed onset. At the cellular level, this cardiotoxicity includes deranged cardiac glucose metabolism. Methods: By reviewing the hospital records from January 2008 through December 2016, we selected HL patients meeting the following criteria: ≥ 18 year-old; first-line DOX-containing chemotherapy; no diabetes and apparent cardiovascular disease; 18-fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18FDG-PET) scans before treatment (PETSTAGING), after 2 cycles (PETINTERIM) and at the end of treatment (PETEOT); at least one echocardiography ≥ 6 months after chemotherapy completion (ECHOPOST). We then evaluated the changes in LV 18FDG standardized uptake values (SUV) during the course of DOX therapy, and the relationship between LV-SUV and LV ejection fraction (LVEF), as calculated from the LV diameters in the echocardiography reports with the Teicholz formula. Results: Forty-three patients (35 ± 13 year-old, 58% males) were included in the study, with 26 (60%) also having a baseline echocardiography available (ECHOPRE). LV-SUV gradually increased from PETSTAGING (log-transformed mean 0.20 ± 0.27) to PETINTERIM (0.27 ± 0.35) to PETEOT (0.30 ± 0.41; P for trend < 0.001). ECHOPOST was performed 22 ± 17 months after DOX chemotherapy. Mean LVEF was normal (68.8 ± 10.3%) and only three subjects (7%) faced a drop below the upper normal limit of 53%. However, when patients were categorized by median LV-SUV, LVEF at ECHOPOST resulted significantly lower in those with LV-SUV above than below the median value at both PETINTERIM (65.5 ± 11.8% vs. 71.9 ± 7.8%, P = 0.04) and PETEOT (65.6 ± 12.2% vs. 72.2 ± 7.0%, P = 0.04). This was also the case when only patients with ECHOPRE and ECHOPOST were considered (LVEF at ECHOPOST 64.7 ± 8.9% vs. 73.4 ± 7.6%, P = 0.01 and 64.6 ± 9.3% vs. 73.5 ± 7.0%, P = 0.01 for those with LV-SUV above vs. below the median at PETINTERIM and PETEOT, respectively). Furthermore, the difference between LVEF at ECHOPRE and ECHOPOST was inversely correlated with LV-SUV at PETEOT (P < 0.01, R2 = - 0.30). Conclusions: DOX-containing chemotherapy causes an increase in cardiac 18FDG uptake, which is associated with a decline in LVEF. Future studies are warranted to understand the molecular basis and the potential clinical implications of this observation.

KW - FDG-PET

KW - Cardiotoxicity

KW - Doxorubicin

KW - Heart failure

KW - Left ventricular dysfunction

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U2 - 10.1186/s12967-018-1670-9

DO - 10.1186/s12967-018-1670-9

M3 - Article

C2 - 30359253

AN - SCOPUS:85055612677

VL - 16

JO - Journal of Translational Medicine

JF - Journal of Translational Medicine

SN - 1479-5876

IS - 1

M1 - 295

ER -