An integrated analysis of miRNA and gene copy numbers in xenografts of Ewing's sarcoma

Neda Mosakhani, Mohamed Guled, Gayle Leen, Silvia Calabuig-Farĩas, Tarja Niini, Isidro MacHado, Suvi Savola, Katia Scotlandi, José Antonio López-Guerrero, Antonio Llombart-Bosch, Sakari Knuutila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Xenografts have been shown to provide a suitable source of tumor tissue for molecular analysis in the absence of primary tumor material. We utilized ES xenograft series for integrated microarray analyses to identify novel biomarkers. Method. Microarray technology (array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and micro RNA arrays) was used to screen and identify copy number changes and differentially expressed miRNAs of 34 and 14 passages, respectively. Incubated cells used for xenografting (Passage 0) were considered to represent the primary tumor. Four important differentially expressed miRNAs (miR-31, miR-31*, miR-145, miR-106) were selected for further validation by real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Integrated analysis of aCGH and miRNA data was performed on 14 xenograft passages by bioinformatic methods. Results: The most frequent losses and gains of DNA copy number were detected at 9p21.3, 16q and at 8, 15, 17q21.32-qter, 1q21.1-qter, respectively. The presence of these alterations was consistent in all tumor passages. aCGH profiles of xenograft passages of each series resembled their corresponding primary tumors (passage 0). MiR-21, miR-31, miR-31*, miR-106b, miR-145, miR-150*, miR-371-5p, miR-557 and miR-598 showed recurrently altered expression. These miRNAS were predicted to regulate many ES-associated genes, such as genes of the IGF1 pathway, EWSR1, FLI1 and their fusion gene (EWS-FLI1). Twenty differentially expressed miRNAs were pinpointed in regions carrying altered copy numbers. Conclusion: In the present study, ES xenografts were successfully applied for integrated microarray analyses. Our findings showed expression changes of miRNAs that were predicted to regulate many ES associated genes, such as IGF1 pathway genes, FLI1, EWSR1, and the EWS-FLI1 fusion genes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number24
JournalJournal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Copy number
  • Ewing's sarcoma xenograft
  • Microarray
  • MicroRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Medicine(all)


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