This prospective, multicenter, single-arm, open-label phase 3 study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of IqYmune in patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP). Patients received one induction dose of 2 g/kg and then seven maintenance doses of 1 g/kg at 3-week intervals. The primary endpoint was the responder rate at the end of study (EOS), defined as an improvement of ≥1 point on the adjusted inflammatory neuropathy cause and treatment (INCAT) disability scale. The responder rate was compared with the responder rate of a historical placebo group (33.3%). Secondary endpoints included changes from baseline to EOS of adjusted INCAT disability score, grip strength, Medical Research Council (MRC) sum score, Rasch-modified MRC sum score, Rasch-built overall disability scale score and the clinical global impression. Forty-two patients, including 23 Ig-naïve and 19 Ig-pre-treated, were included in the efficacy set. The overall response rate at EOS was 76.2% (95% confidence interval [60.5%-87.9%]). The superiority of IqYmune compared to the historical placebo control was demonstrated (P <.0001). The responder rate was numerically higher in Ig-pre-treated than in Ig-naïve patients but confidence intervals were overlapping (84.2% [60.4%-96.6%] vs 69.6% [47.1%-86.8%]). All secondary endpoints confirmed this conclusion. The median time to response was 15 weeks [8.9-19.1 weeks]. A total of 156 adverse events including five serious were considered related to IqYmune, 87.2% were mild. Neither hemolysis nor signs of renal or hepatic impairment were observed. These results demonstrate that IqYmune is an effective and well-tolerated treatment in patients with CIDP.
- chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy
- inflammatory neuropathy cause and treatment
- intravenous immunoglobulin
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology