An ion-pairing high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the direct simultaneous determination of nucleotides, deoxynucleotides, nicotinic coenzymes, oxypurines, nucleosides, and bases in perchloric acid cell extracts

D. Di Pierro, B. Tavazzi, C. F. Perno, M. Bartolini, E. Balestra, R. Calio, B. Giardina, G. Lazzarino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An ion-pairing high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the direct and simultaneous determination of nucleotides, deoxynucleotides, cAMP, nicotinic coenzymes, oxypurines, nucleosides, and bases in perchloric acid cell extracts is presented. By using an Alltima C-18, 250 X 4.6-mm, 5-μm particle size column, a high resolution of 38 acid-soluble compounds, including ATP, GTP, dTTP, CTP, UTP, ADP, GDP, dTDP, CDP, UDP, dATP, dGTP, dCTP, dUTP, dADP, dGDP, dCDP, dUDP, and cAMP, is obtained. Elution is performed with a step gradient from buffer A (consisting of 10 mM tetrabutylammonium hydroxide, 10 mM KH2PO4, 0.25% methanol, pH 7.00) to buffer B (consisting of 2.8 mM tetrabutylammonium hydroxide, 100 mM KH2PO4, 30% methanol, pH 5.50). Perchloric acid extracts of resting and phytohemagglutinin-stimulated human lymphocytes were analyzed. Data indicate that this chromatographic method offers, for the first time to the best of our knowledge, the possibility of simultaneously determining di- and triphosphate nucleosides and their corresponding deoxynucleosides without any chemical manipulation of samples except for perchloric acid deproteinization. Hence, the present HPLC assay minimizes the risks of modification or loss of metabolite concentration and allows one to obtain, with a single chromatographic run, the complete pattern of those metabolites which are known to be involved in energy metabolism and in DNA and RNA synthesis, resulting therefore of great advantage in cell biology studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-412
Number of pages6
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Volume231
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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