An observational study on the epidemiology of respiratory tract bacterial pathogens and their susceptibility to four injectable beta-lactam antibiotics: Piperacillin, piperacillin/tazobactam, ceftazidime and ceftriaxone

F. Varotto, G. Di Maria, R. Azzaro, P. Bellissima, R. Amato, V. Fogliani, G. Muscianisi, V. Sabato, G. Girbino, F. Andò, P. Laganà, S. Delia, C. Jacoviello, G. Maierna, A. Pezza, I. Covelli, M. Magrí, G. Napoletano, A. Rossi, P. MaroneC. Sanguinetti, R. Pela, D. Tedeschi, B. Viola, S. Cicciarella, G. Messina, S. Rizza, F. Fraschini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bacterial infections of the respiratory tract account for a large proportion of total medical consultations in general practice. In recent years, antibiotic resistance has increased alarmingly in a number of bacterial species that are common causes of these infections. The aim of this observational study was to determine the antibiotic resistance of microbial agents isolated from patients with acute or acutely exacerbated respiratory infections. Subjects recruited as potential sources of bacteria were either outpatients seen in a number of specialized clinics and hospital practices, or hospitalized patients. Overall, 648 consecutive patients (67% male, mean age 48.1 ± 27.0 years) with infection of the upper or lower respiratory tract were observed during a 13-month period. A total of 551 pathogenic microbial strains were isolated and tested for their in vitro susceptibility to piperacillin, piperacillin/tazobactam, ceftazidime, and ceftriaxone. Among all isolates, the four most frequent pathogens were Pseudomonas aeruginosa (132 isolates, 24%), Streptococcus pyogenes (99 isolates, 18%), Staphylococcus aureus (93 isolates, 17%), and Klebsiella pneumoniae (46 isolates, 8%). The susceptibility of Gram-positive isolates ranged from 97.5% to 95.1%, and no remarkable difference was found in the antibacterial activity of tested b-lactam antibiotics. The susceptibility of Gram-negative isolates to piperacillin and piperacillin/tazobactam was also similar: 96.5% and 97.1%, respectively. In contrast, differences were found between piperacillin (or piperacillin/tazobactam) and either ceftazidime (p=0.003) or ceftriaxone (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-423
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Chemotherapy
Volume13
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Beta-lactam antibiotics
  • Piperacillin
  • Piperacillin/tazobactam
  • Respiratory tract infections
  • Susceptibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Microbiology (medical)

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    Varotto, F., Di Maria, G., Azzaro, R., Bellissima, P., Amato, R., Fogliani, V., Muscianisi, G., Sabato, V., Girbino, G., Andò, F., Laganà, P., Delia, S., Jacoviello, C., Maierna, G., Pezza, A., Covelli, I., Magrí, M., Napoletano, G., Rossi, A., ... Fraschini, F. (2001). An observational study on the epidemiology of respiratory tract bacterial pathogens and their susceptibility to four injectable beta-lactam antibiotics: Piperacillin, piperacillin/tazobactam, ceftazidime and ceftriaxone. Journal of Chemotherapy, 13(4), 413-423.