An overview of correlations between schizophrenia and 22q11.2 deletion syndrome

Marco Armando, Maria Pontillo, Franco De Crescenzo, Cinzia Correale, Enrica De Simoni, Francesco Papaleo, Riccardo Saba, Stefano Vicari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is a genetic syndrome associated with a microdeletion of the chromosome 22 band q11 with an estimated prevalence of between 1:2,500 and 1:4,000 live births. Studies of school-age children have shown that individuals with 22q11DS have very high rates of psychiatric morbidity and abnormal behaviors. By late adolescence and early adulthood, up to one-third of patients with 22q11DS develop psychotic disorders resembling above all schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Therefore, 22q11DS is of considerable interest to research concerned with the genetic and epigenetic mechanisms involved in the development of schizophrenic disorder. Method: A comprehensive literature review based on PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Cinhal and PsycInfo was undertaken. Results: Schizophrenic disorder associated with 22q11DS largely resembles that found in the general population as regards the core signs and symptoms, treatment response, neurocognitive profle and MRI brain anomalies. Conclusions: Individuals with 22q11DS are an easy identifable high-risk group for schizophrenia whose transition rate in early adulthood may be as high as 30%, regardless of environmental factors. This syndrome is thus of considerable interest to researchers and clinicians involved in the early intervention/prevention of schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-10
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Neuropsychiatry
Volume10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • 22q11.2 deletion syndrome
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Armando, M., Pontillo, M., De Crescenzo, F., Correale, C., De Simoni, E., Papaleo, F., Saba, R., & Vicari, S. (2013). An overview of correlations between schizophrenia and 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 10(1), 3-10.